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Reindeer Rider - Tsaatan group


In Khuvsgul has living many different ethnic groups such as Khalh, Darhadt, and Buryat and most interesting and important one is Tsaatan - reindeer herders. The reindeer people live in the North West regions of Khuvsgul province, which is pretty much like a Siberian taiga, however deer and yaks are suitable in the part of the land. Mongolian people called the Reindeer people are –Tsaatan, who are lived in western and eastern part of taiga. They live in the hove made of long twigs that are tied together and covered with cloth. The more it snows the better they look and the more weight they seem to gain. Mountains are 3000 meters above the sea level; region has rocks thick grown forests.

Herding places are rare and summer is short. They lead a nomadic lifestyle, following their reindeer into the taiga. They are one of the most unique minorities of Mongolia, and simply could not survive without their animal companions. Totally, there are about 45 Tsaatan families and 600 of Reindeers, half of them living in the western taiga and other half part families are living in the eastern taiga and they are raising more than 600 reindeers. The reindeer people move about 6-8 times a year. They use about 5-6 reindeer for transportation and the distance is 150-250km. Most important thing is shaman, tourists want to see them but they not like to see shaman. Because one chosen day they wear their religious customs, clothes like all kinds of metal objects were attached. Often they added so much weight to the custom that someone had to help the shaman to dress. Despite this, the shamans took great leaps and defied laws of gravity whilst under the trance. There are 2 kinds of shamans male (Zairan) and female (Udgan). Female shaman is more powerful than male shaman.


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Birga Tours Co., Ltd was founded in 2002. We are a well established company, offering quality food, strong vehicles, excellent guides speaking all major languages and good service. We renders high quality tours and professional services to travelers, offering them the best combinations of sightseeing, nature and attractions of Mongolia's traditional culture.

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